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Extract of letter from Sir Joseph W. Trutch, Managing Director Hall 
Mines, Ld., Nelson, B. C. Dated March II, 1898 : 

" It gives me much pleasure to state that the Ropeway you built for us 
has been working most satisfactorily. * * * It has been carrying a 
good deal more than ten tons an hour and with hardly any interruption. 
* * * I can only say that as it has been working for the last year, the 
Hallidie system has done for us more than I expected of it." 

The above Ropeway is 23,797 feet long {4% miles) and in that distance 
has a fall of over 4,000 feet. It is constructed in two sections : the upper 
one 10,300 feet long, with a fall of 1,620 feet ; is in the storm belt where 
snow falls to a depth of 20 feet in places and the wind is very violent. 
The lower section is 13,500 feet long with a fall of 2,400 feet. This is in a 
milder climate and relatively free from great depth of snow. 

During the year 1897 the Ropeway conveyed from the mines to the 
smelting works 49,540 tons of ore. 

The Company has decided to increase the capacity to 100,000 tons per 
annum, by increasing the size of the ore carriers, at a comparatively small 

The Report of the Directors to the Stockholders for the year ending 
September 30, 1897, states that "The Wire Tramway has continued to give 


(fallidie Eqdle$ Wife Ropeway 





The Hallidie Eqdle^ Wire fyipetoaij. 

The Hallidie Ropeway consists of a single endless moving wire 
rope passing around horizontal grip pulleys or sheaves at the 
extremities of the line, and being supported at intervals by towers 
carrying supporting sheaves. To this rope the carriers are 
securely fastened, and hence as the rope travels it moves the 
carriers and their loads with it. 

A general idea of the main feature"- is given in Figure r. Near 
the mouth of the tunnel, ami somewhat below it, is the tipper 
terminal of the Ropeway, which contains the grip pulley with the 
hrake and the fair leader sheaves. The ore from the mine is 
dumped into bins near the Ropeway, and from them loaded either 
by hand or mechanically into the moving buckets of the Ropeway. 
From the terminal the line passes over the sheaves on the towers, 
which are set one hundred feet or more apart, as the local con- 
ditions require. Where there are canyons or valleys to be crossed 
the span is increased, as the tension in the rope will lift it so high 
above the ground that it will be impossible to place a tower. 
Such a span is shown about the middle of the line in the cut. 
These spans do not in any way interfere with the working of 
the line, and we have lines working satisfactorily which contain 
spans over 2.000 feet long. The lower terminal, containing the 
horizontal sheave, is placed over the ore bins, in such a position 
that the buckets dump their loads into the bins. From the bins 
the ore can be drawn into cars, wagons, etc., for further transpor- 
tation, or sent directly to the milling machinery. Having dis- 
charged their loads, the rope and buckets pass around the terminal 
and up over the sheaves on the other side of the towers to the 
upper end, where they are reloaded. 

The dead -weight and cost of the machinery in this system 
is reduced to a minimum; as there is but one rope employed which 
travels with the load attached to a clip fixed to the rope, the 
weight of the material employed in its construction is about 60 
per cent, of the weight of the apparatus where the two ropes 
(Standing and Hauling Ropes) are employed, and consequently 
cost less in proportion, both in first cost and maintenance. 

In transporting the material used in constructing a Ropeway 
over the trails or roads of the mountains, there is consequently a 
considerable item of expense saved on transportation and freight 

The Care of Machinery and apparatus in the mountains, 
remote from repair shops, mechanics and material, is a matter 
of serious moment, and anyone who has had experience in 

such a region can fully appreciate this. Reduce the parts liable 
to get out of order and you reduce the cost of maintenance and 
repairs and increase the efficiency of any apparatus that has to be 
manipulated largely by unskilled labor. 

In the HALLIDIE ROPEWAY every superfluous part is dis- 
pensed with ; the Ropeway itself is reduced to a minimum of 

The Inspection of the Cable is a very simple matter, as 
the only rope used, and on which so much depends, passes con- 
stantly before the eye of the man in charge, who can detect at 
any time any imperfection or injury existing on any part of the 

In a standing or fixed rope this is not the case, as a man has to 
be sent out to make a special examination, and at best an imper- 
fect one ; and where both a standing and a running rope are em- 
ployed, a separate inspection must be made of each of them. 

The Terminal Structures, Figure 2, consist of heavy 
timbers, thoroughly framed and bolted together. To it are 
fastened the boxes for the end sheave or grip pulley and the cast- 
ings for the small sheaves or fair leaders that guide the rope onto 
the large terminal sheave. In most cases we ship only the bolts 
for the structure, and the timbers are obtained near the site of the 
Ropeway and framed on the ground. Occasionally we furnish 
the timber work also, in which case the parts , are all properly 
marked and the frame knocked down for shipment. Where it is 
necessary to pack the timbers by mules the long ones are cut in 
two and furnished with splice plates. 

Each frame contains 1,515 feet B. M., making ample allowance 
for all tenons but none for waste. 

The upper terminal is usually anchored securely to the bed rock 
as shown in Figure 7, and the rope led out horizontally for load- 
ing and until it is high above the ground. 


The Grip Pulley i-. used to transmit power cither to or from 

the rope. To the rope when it is necessary to drive the Ropeway 
In power, and from the rope when a line is operated bj gravity 

and furnishes power to drive other machinery, or the extra power 
i^ absorbed by the brake attached to the Crip Pulley. This Pul- 
ley has been improved from time to time, and three patents have 
l>eeii issued to Mr. Hallidie for the same, the last of which is 
dated September 27th, 1S92. 

By referring to Figures 3 and 4 it will be seen that there are a 
number of grips or hinged jaws attached to the periphery of the pul- 
ley into which the rope enters, and pressing on the bottom of the jaws 
causes them to grip or close over the rope, the amount of gripping 
power being determined by the length and travel of the jaws and 
the pressure from the rope. 

Formerly the jaws of the grip rested in pockets cast in the per- 
iphery of the pulley, but it was found impracticable to get the 
pockets of uniform depths and many of the grips were useless in 
consequence. In the improved Grip Pulley the pockets are done 
away with and a continuous groove takes their places, insuring 
uniformity of distance, duty of every grip, and greater simplicity 
in construction. The grips are held in position by webs cast on 
them, which fit loosely into slots in the outer edge of the pullej'. 
The Grip Pulley and attachments are built up of parts which can 
be separated and put in parcels to pack on mule back, as are all 
the other parts of the Hallidie Ropeway. Every part is marked, 
and can be put together on the ground by an intelligent mechanic. 

The power to operate the Ropeway is derived either from the 
weight of the material being transported, or from some external 
source of power, be that a line shaft, an engine, a water wheel or 
other prime mover. When the point of discharge is lower than 
the loading point, and the delivery is five tons or more per hour, 
the line will operate by the weight of the descending load under 
ordinal conditions, provided the grade exceeds eight degrees or 
one fall in seven horizontal. 


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Iii such cases the speed of the line is controlled by means of a 
lined band brake, operated by a hand wheel and screw and 

Clamping the brake wheel bolted to the grip pulley. 

For heavy lines a brake may he placed on both sides of the grip 
pulley, ami occasionally a grip pulley and brake is used at the 
lower end also, but usually in gravity lines a plain sheave is used 
there. The man having charge of the loading attends to the 
brake also. 

Where the line is flatter than eight degrees, or the loading point 
is lower than the discharge end, it is necessary to supply the line 
with power from outside, either from the mill shaft or from a 
special motor. For this purpose a bevel gear is bolted to the grip 
pulley instead of the brake wheel and it is driven by a. bevel 
pinion on a countershaft. See Figure 5. 

When the angle of descent is very great, the descending load 
furnishes sufficient power to carry back and up to the mine such 
material as may be needed ; and, in several lines we have con- 
structed, this saving, when taken into account, has been so great 
that it not only brought the cost of transporting the ore to noth- 
ing, but has actually been a source of revenue. 

Again, in cases where power is needed at the mine for pump- 
ing, crushing ore, etc. , the Ropeway can be used either to furnish 
the power or to transmit it from the mill end. Figures 5 and 6 
show a rock-crusher connected to the grip pulley by gearing and 
bolts and operated by the Ropeway. If the grade is steep 
enough the line may generate enough extra power to do this 
work, but if it does not the endless rope can be used to transmit 
the power delivered to a grip pulley at the lower end to the grip 
pulley at the upper end, to which the machinery can be con- 
nected. This work will not interfere in any way with the regular 
duty of the Ropeway of carrying ore. 

The Tightening Apparatus, for keeping the line taut under 
all conditions of temperature and load, consists of a strong 
wooden box filled with rocks or old iron and attached to the end 
of a wire rope which passes over sheaves, suitably arranged, to 
the rear of the terminal which is set on wheels running on a track. 
By this means any slack occurring in the line is immediately 
taken up by the counterweight. Figures 8, 9 and 10 are sketches 
of the several ways of arranging the tightening apparatus under 
the conditions most likely to occur in practice. Illustrations from 
actual construction are given elsewhere in describing some of the 
lines erected. 

The Intermediate Towers are built of substantial timbers 
generally twenty feet long, making a tower about eighteen feet 
high. These keep the rope sufficiently high so that the buckets 
will clear a reasonable amount oi bushes and snow. 

To the ends of the cross-arms of the towers are fastened the 
iron station frames which carry the supporting sheaves for the 
rope. We have a large number of patterns for these sheaves, of 
various designs and strength, which we use according to the re- 


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quirements of the case. Usually, however, the sheaves along the 
line are 22" in diameter, but where a sharp angle is made we 
often use a 30" sheave. 

Figure 1 1 gives a very good view of one of these towers as built 
on the Hall Mines Ropeway. From its shape this form of tower 
has been nick-named the A X tower, as the side view of it is a 
perfect A and the end view is an X. 

Where the nature of the ground is uneven, a higher station is 
often needed, as seen in the distance in Figure n, in which case 
the regular A X tower is placed on a rectangular base to bring it 
up to the require'd height. Such a tower seventy-five feet high is 
shown in Figure 13. This is a better arrangement than to design 
a special tower for each place, as all the upper parts can be framed 
from the same templates and the bases built of rough timber on 
the site of the towers. 

In places where there is danger of snow slides, a simple mast of 
very heavy timber or a bunch of two or three masts can be set in 
the ground, a cross-arm set at the top and the whole securely 
guyed. See Figure 12. As this offers less resistance to a slide 
there are more chances of its dividing and passing around the 
mast than around a tower with a base twelve or more feet square. 
If, however, a tower is swept away, the line itself is not injured, 
the only loss being that of the tower itself. 

Fig. 12. 

On very steep bluffs it is sometimes easier to secure a simple X 
frame by anchoring the base and guying the top than it would be 
to obtain a footing for the regular towers. 

The Hope used on our Ropeways is of the class known as 
" flexible crucible sleel rope." and is usually made of six strands 
laid around a hemp center, and each Strand consisting of nineteen 
wires. The si/e of the rope is determined by the work to be per- 
formed, the usual si/.es being V'. W and l" diameter. 

The rope is usually shipped on reels holding several thousand 
feet, but where the upper part of the line is inaccessible to 
wagons, the rope, like the rest of the machinery, must be packed 
so that it can be loaded on mules. We make a specialty of coil- 
ing our cables so that they can be easily transported in this way 
even when thousands of feet long and weighing several tons. 
Figures 14, 15 and 23 are from photographs of trains of mules pack- 
ing cables along trails. Each animal carries about two hundred 
and fifty pounds, including the piece of slack rope fifteen or 
twenty feet long connecting its load to the next one in the rear. 
This piece is usually held up by a native so that it will not drag 
on the ground. 

In stretching the rope the simplest way is to set up the reel of 
rope at the upper end and drag the end down the line by means 
of a mule, and as each station is passed it is raised on to the 

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Fig. 15. 


sheave. When one side is all out the upper end is made fast and 
the other side is stretched out in like manner. The upper two 
end- are then spliced together, and after one of the lower ends has 
been passed around the lower sheave the ropes are drawn up to the 
proper tension and the last two ends spliced together. The 
counter-weight rope and box is then attached to the lower terminal 
and loaded. 

While in service the rope should be coated frequently with a 
mixture of pine tar containing one-tenth raw oil, boiled together 
and applied warm. Care must be taken not to burn the tar in 
boiling or its virtue will be lost. This coating lubricates the wires 
and prevents unnecessary internal wear of the rope. 

The Clip is used to attach the loads to the rope, and is so de- 
signed that it will pass the end sheaves and also go over the 
sheaves along the line. 

The Strap Clip, Figure 16, patented February 12, 1892, is 
the result of careful thought, time and experiment. It is made of 
steel and consists of five parts, a shank, the leaf or strap, a key, a 
bolt and a nut. The strap surrounds the rope, and, by means of 
the bolt and nut and key, holds the shank in position. The key 
is used to tighten up the strap when the rope becomes smaller or 
the strap becomes larger by wear. The strap, when worn out, is 
removed by driving out the key and removing the bolt. A new 
strap is then put on and secured by the bolt and key as before in 
a very few minutes. 

This clip has been tested under hanging loads, and sustained a 
load of 2,000 pounds before showing any weakness, and 2,500 
pounds before being sufficiently distorted to prevent its passing 
the station sheaves and horizontal end pulleys. 


The Ore Bucket, Figure 17, is self-dumping and is attached 
by a bale and hanger directly to the lugs of the clips by a bolt 
and nut. See Figure 16. The carrier complete weighs about 
seventy pounds and contains one hundred pounds of ore. Under 
this arrangement the load is fixed to the rope and travels with it, 
and the carrier is filled while passing and while the rope is mov- 
ing at a speed of about three feet per second. It is not, however, 
necessary that the load should be fixed to the moving rope, nor 

Fig. 17 

that the load should be limited to one hundred pounds in weight, 
.1- each clip, as ordinarily made, is capable of holding two hun- 
dred and fifty pounds under a factor of safety of eight, and the 
number of clips can be increased to any reasonable number desired 
and the load increased in proportion, but the most satisfactory 
and economical result in delivering ore, or similar material, can be 
obtained by single loads of from one hundred to two hundred and 
fifty pounds. 

Although the clip is always attached securely to the rope for 
the reason that it shall not slip at any angle of the rope, and thus 

the weight of the descending load is taken advantage of to cany 
the ascending load, the carrier and its load can be attached or de- 
tached at will by an intermediate connection, and, where heavy 
loads are transported, this is usually done and the load run on to 
and off from the clip hanger as required. 

In addition to the buckets for ore, we make special carriers for 
special loads. Figure 18 illustrates an automatic dumping sling 
for a cask. In this case two clips are used as the load was five 
hundred pounds. Figure 19 shows the bundle carriers used on 
the line recently furnished for carrying baggage and supplies over 
Chilcoot Pass on the route to the famous Klondike district in the 

Fig. 19. 
Northwest Territory. Figure 20 is a drawing for a wood or cane 
basket. It has been used extensively in the Hawaiian Islands for 
carrying sugar cane. The carriers are loaded in the field by de- 
pressing the rope so that the native laborers can throw in the cane 
as they pass. They are dumped on the apron at the mill by 
tripping the latch. 

This illustrates a few types of carriers. We make them to meet 
the requirements of any class of materials. 

Figure 6 is a sketch of hand-loading platform, bin, etc. 

In loading merchandise it is usual to attach by hand, as the 
varying conditions and shape of the loads prohibit passing them 
through any mechanism, but where a quantity of the same class 
of goods is constantly handled, platforms can be arranged to make 
the operation simple. Figure 22 illustrates a bundle of wire in 
transit at our factory. 

The Loading of the Carriers can be done by hand or 

In many cases where the amount to be handled is small, the 
best way is to dump the ore from the mine on a smooth floor of 
sheet iron, and to shovel it by hand labor directly into the ore 
carriers as they slowly pass in front of the ore dump, a little above 
the level of the floor. See Figure 6. The ore carriers move at 
a speed of about three feet per second, and a scoop shovel will fill 
the carriers with one hundred pounds of ore each. With one man, 
two to three tons can be handled and conveyed over the line each 
hour. The man can also watch the line and repair any derange- 
ment of the moving parts before they cause any accident and 
attend to the brake which controls the speed of a gravity line. 


Where the amount of ore exceeds two or three tons per hour, 
or the cost of labor is high, the loading may be done mechanical^, 
in which case one man will load ten to twenty-five tons per hour, 
and can also attend to the brake or driving machinery if con- 
veniently arranged. 

Fig. 21 shows the form of Hallidie's Smooth Wire Rope. It 
is designed to present a smooth surface to the sheave which runs 
upon it, thus reducing the wear both on rope and sheave. It is 
eminently adapted to the double rope system of wire rope tram- 
ways or for other standing ropes upon which trolleys are to run. 

The Mechanical Loader manufactured by this Company, 
and shown in side and end elevation by Figure 25, is the 
simplest and most efficient mechanical device ever invented for 


Fig. 21. 

the purpose. There is nothing to get out of order and very little 
to wear out. It is placed in front of the ore bin and receives the 
ore from the chute, whence it is discharged into a loader hopper 
at the foot of a pendulum. The details of the parts that actually 
do the loading are shown in the photographic view Figure 26. 

The device consists substantially of a pendulum swinging on 
trunions about twenty feet above the level of the moving cable. 
The pendulum is made from sheet-iron tubing twelve inches in 
diameter. At the lower end is attached a loading box which con- 
tains, when loaded, enough ore to fill one carrier of the Ropeway. 
The loader hopper has two sides, a back and a sloping bottom — 
the front of the hopper is open. While the hopper is being loaded 
it is held between a guide and a fixed door or bulkhead which 
closes the open front. 

The releasing of the hopper box is done by the clip on the 
moving cable to which the ore carrier is suspended, and which as 
it moves along strikes the end of a lever which raises the latch off 
its keeper. At the time the loading box is released the ore carrier 
is immediately under the nose of the loader box ready to catch 
the contents of the box. The clip on the moving cable then 
pushes the hopper out from behind the fixed door, at the same 
speed as the carrier, and thus opens up the front of the loader 
box and lets the contents pour into the carrier. The swing of the 


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Fig. 24. 

pendulum raises ii sufficient) high after a few feet of travel to 
clear the mix.' clip, and the pendulum with the empty hopper 
swings back by gravity in between the guide and the bulkhead 
ready to receive another load of ore from the ore bin. 

Unloading of Carriers is almost always done automatically, 
with bulk merchandise, ore, etc., by latch of carrier striking a 
trip, but with irregular packages or goods that will not stand 
dumping the carriers are unloaded by hand. 

Figure 24 shows the regular bottom dump bucket in the act of 
discharging. The latch has just struck the trip and the weight 
of the ore has opened the bottom and is discharging itself into 

Horizontal Angles are sometimes necessary in order to avoid 
some obstacle that it is easier to go around than to go over, but 
they should be avoided where practical, as they add to the cost 
of construction and usually increase the length of the line. As a 
general rule it is simpler to run a Ropeway over an elevation, 
provided, of course, it is not too high, than to go around it, 
because the vertical angle can be made with but slight changes in 


the machinery and no increase of cost, while the horizontal one 
requires an angle station of special construction and increases cost. 
This is due to the position of the clips and hangers. As they 
hang on the outside of the rope, it is necessary to have all the 
supporting sheaves and horizontal sheaves on the inner side. 
When it is necessary for both lines of the Ropeway to turn a 
horizontal angle the sheaves have to be arranged .as in Figures 27 
and 28. The rope on the outside of the angle can be carried 
around a single sheave A as the hangers will be on the outside all 
right, but the inner rope, which should be the empty one, must be 
carried across and over the other or loaded rope to sheave B, then 
around it and over to C, then around it and over both the loaded 
and itself near sheave A and on to the next regular tower. The 
ropes have to cross each other so as to clear by seven or eight feet 
in order to let the buckets pass without fouling the rope beneath. 
Where the ground will permit, the stations are set so as to get the 
difference in elevation of the rope by the natural topography of 
the country, as in Figure 27, but where this is impracticable a 
special angle tower must be built of the type shown in Figure 28. 
But each case has to be worked out for itself as each angle varies. 


A Profile of the line of the proposed Ropeway should be made 
from an accurate survey, in order to determine the height and dis- 
tribution of the towers and the arrangement of the machinery 
to suit the case best. The profile should be drawn to as large a 
scale as practicable, and the same scale should be used for both 
the vertical and horizontal distances. The profile furnishes the 
foundation for an estimate and serves as a guide in erecting the 

Fig. 81. 

Illustrations from Practice. Figure 32 is a profile of the 
Ropeway for the San Juan Mining Company] 12,360 feet long, 
and illustrated the principle of placing stations on the high points 
in the mountainous country, thus practically reducing the broken 
country to an uniform grade without doing any cutting and filling 
as in surface roads. On reaching the flatter country at the foot of 
the hill the stations are placed at regular intervals, as there are 
DO typographical features to be accommodated. 

Figure 35 is a view of the Ropeway looking straight up the 
line, across the flat country and up the steep slope to the summit 
about 3,000 feel from the upper end. This photograph taken 
with the profile -.hows the method of locating the line and the 
adaptability of the system to any country. 

Figure 33 is a profile of the White Cloud Mining Company's 
Ropeway in Nevada, 3.790 feet long, and illustrates very clearly 
the ease with which the Ropeway can be made to overcome the 
enormous irregularities of the country, which for any other means 
of transportation would form an insurmountable barrier on ac- 
count of the great cost of construction. How many miles of rail- 
road would it take to bring the ore down the 1,351 feet which is 
here done by 3,790 feet of Ropeway ? Look at the grading and 
trestles required for an incline plane along this same profile. 

Figure 12A shows the ore bins and terminal at the lower end of 
this line. The ore is dumped from the Ropeway buckets into the 
bin and from there loaded into wagons from the several chutes. 

The Longest Line we have built is one for the Hall Mines, 
British Columbia, which is 23,797 f ee t ' 011 g, nearly four and one- 
half miles. Our Figures 1 1 and 13 are taken from photographs of 
this line. Much of the line is through dense forests, and a path 
two hundred feet wide had to be cut for the Ropeway as a protec- 
tion against forest fires and falling trees. This cut is plainly 
shown in Figure 13. 

The line has a fall of 4, 100 feet and transports ten tons per hour 
during all kinds of weather. The snow reaches a depth of six- 
teen feet at some places on the line. The system is operated in 
two sections, each of about two and one-quarter miles length. 

Figure 30 shows the large log bin at the upper end of this 
Ropeway into which the mine cars from several directions dump 
their ore. This view was taken before the structure was roofed 
in. In the lower part of this structure is the upper terminal of 
the Ropeway. 

Figure 31 illustrates the bins at the lower end of the line. Here 
the Ropeway passes over the bins to the terminal seen in the back- 
ground and dumps its load into which ever bin it is desired by 
setting the trip. 

Extract from article in Nelson, B. C. , " Tribune " of August 7, 
1897 : 

" The large copper furnace at the Halls Mines has been running 
smoothly since being blown in Saturday morning. During the 
first five days running, up to six o'clock Thursday morning, 
2, 250,020 pounds of Silver King ore were put through the furnace, 
producing 215,934 pounds of matte. 

' ' When the big furnace was started there was a good supply of 
ore in the bins ; as the Tramway is bringing down two hundred 
and ten tons per day, it is thought that a long and profitable run 
will be made. There is an ore reserve of 3,000 tons at the mine, 
and if pushed the Tramway can deliver two hundred and seventy- 
five tons every twenty-four hours." 

Extract from the report of the directors of the Hall Mines, Lim- 
ited, British Columbia, for the year ending September 30, 1897 : 

" The wire Tramway has continued to give satisfaction, and in 
May advantage was taken of the opportunity afforded by the clos- 
ing down of the blast furnace, pending a replenishment of the 
stock of ore in the ore bins at the mine, to renew the wire rope, 
and by the introduction of an improved clip strap, permanence 
and regularity in the working have been assured." 

Figure 34 illustrates the profile of the Ropewaj' over the famous 
Chilcoot Pass, Alaska, on the way to the Klondike gold fields. 
This will transport the luggage and supplies over the most diffi- 
cult part of the journey. The south end is some fifteen or twenty 
miles from Dyea, the country affording comparatively good travel- 
ing, and from the north end the journey is made largely by water 
through lakes and rivers. The Ropeway displaces some five to 
ten miles of tortuous and extremely rough trail over a country 
covered with massive chunks of rock dropped from surrounding 
peaks. In fact the trail is so rough that it is impassable for ani- 
mals and everything has to be packed over by men, causing a 
very serious delay in the trip, while now with a load of one hun- 
dred pounds on each bundle carrier, the Ropeway will deliver six 
tons per hour, so the first package of a man's stuff will now cross 
the Pass in about an hour and after that arrive at the rate of two 
packages a minute. So if a man has helped to load his luggage 
on the Ropeway it would be over before he could get there him- 
self "light-handed." Hence the enormous advantage of the 
Ropeway appears for this place. A serious impediment to all 
travel over the Pass is the terrific winds blowing lengthwise 
through the gap. This prevents the use of the Ropeway for 
carrying passengers, as they would freeze in making the trip dur- 
ing most of the year. 


***»«*£' ■■ ■■■■'■■I^M**' 


From a Photograph. 



Summarizing Briefly : — 

The foregoing system will work on any level or at any angle, 
and is applicable among other purposes : 

For conveying ore from the mine to the mill. 

For conveying sugar cane from field to mill. 

For excavating quantities of earth, sand, etc. 

For the construction of dams, levees, embankments, etc. 

For conveying large quantities of any material for any consider- 
able distance. 

For carrying off debris, slickens, tailings, etc. 

For transporting produce, lumber, shingles, shakes, fuel, nitre, 
coal, etc., across difficult points, and to and from shipping in an 

For conveying passengers or materials across gorges, chasms, 
and over hazardous roads. 

For supplying water to reservoirs across chasms. 

The advantages claimed are : 

No road grading nor building is required. 

It can work under all circumstances of weather, with great 
depth of snow on the ground, during heavy storms and freshets. 

It can run constantly without rest ; as well during a dark night 
as a clear day. 

It will work up hill or down hill. 

It can cross deep gorges and chasms. 

It can pass around precipitous bluffs and perpendicular cliffs or 
over the most rugged mountains. 

It can be applied to grading ; either by filling the buckets in 
the ordinary waj'-, or by using scrapers, instead of buckets, on the 
rope, where the character of the soil will permit. 

It can furnish power, when the angle of descent exceeds one in 
seven, by the gravitation of the descending load of five tons per 
hour. It can transmit power by means of an engine attached to 
either end at the same time it is performing its other functions. 

It can be constructed and worked cheaper than any other sys- 
tem can be constructed and worked under like circumstances. 

There being only one rope used, the working parts are reduced 
to a minimum. The carriers being fixed to the rope by means of 
a patent clip, the material transported can never be lost on the 

Please bear in mind that we have erected the Hallidie Ropewa}' 
during the past twenty-five years throughout the continent of the 
two Americas, under every conceivable circumstance, and have 
never made a failure. We have constructed lines with spans of 
2,000 feet, and are prepared to erect this system in competition 
with airy other. We append herewith some of the testimonials 
we have received, and shall be pleased to estimate on any pro- 
posed lines. 

\\V will send a competent man to examine, survey and report 
on proposed Ropeways and will furnish close estimates of cost. 

YVe contract for either supplying the material, or supplying 
material and superintending erection, or for the line complete and 
in running order. 

Our engineers are men of experience and understand the proper 
construction needed for peculiar conditions and locations. Mine 
owners and others can thus avoid the mistakes liable to be made 
by those inexperienced in this method of transportation. 

Our machinery is covered by U. S. Letters patents No. 357664, 
422892, 466880, 483442. 558666, 558645, 589654, and 597904, 
and patents pending ; and notice is hereby given that no unli- 
censed use of the inventions covered by these patents will be 
permitted. , 

Testimonials rf> Extracts 


Eureka, Nevada, July 10, 1872. 

On your leaving for San Francisco, it gives me great pleasure to hand 
you my written acceptance of the Hallidie Tramway, put up by you on 
our mine in Frieberg. 

It is a perfect success, discharging ten tons of ore per hour, with two 
men's labor. It is perfectly simple in construction, and, as far as I can 
judge, there is nothing about it to ever get out of order — nothing to wear 
out. While ours requires but about 2,500 feet of wire rope, I can see no 
reason why the line could not be extended almost indefinitely, with equally 
happy results. Again, the carrying capacity might be doubled or quad- 
rupled, if desired. After several weeks' trial upon our mine, the unani- 
mous verdict of all who have seen it is a complete, unquestioned success. 
If this can be of any service to you, use it in any way you think proper. 
Very respectfully, 

C. C. Goodwin. 

Emma Hill Consolidated Mining Co.,) 
Little Cottonwood, Utah. f 

Superintendent's Office, Sept. 28, 1872. 
The Ropeway constructed by you (Hallidie's Patent) for the Emma 
Hill Consolidated Mining Company has been built in a most substantial 
and workmanlike manner, and is at this time in splendid working con- 
dition. I most cheerfully accept the work for the Compan}', and recom- 
mend it to others wishing a sure and speedy transit for ores over places 
impracticable for wagon roads, etc. Respectfully, 

I. U. Colbath, Superintendent. 

Office of the Chicago Silver Mining Co. 

Salt Lake City, Dec. 1, 1874. 

I have pleasure in stating that your Ropeway, put up at the Chicago 
Mine, Ophir District, Utah Territory, one year ago last summer, has been 
in constant use ever since, and with the most satisfactory results. 

The line, as you are aware, is constructed over an extremely rugged 
country, one and one-quarter miles in length. 

For the first half mile or so it is down a very steep mountain side, 
whence it passes over the brow of another one ; thence it continues down 
Dry Canyon at an angle of fifteen to eighteen degrees. 

The structure is an entire success, the entire cost of which has more than 
been saved already, although it has not been worked up to half its 

In the estimate of earnings no account was taken of supplies sent to the 
mine, including water, etc., by no means an inconsiderable item. 

Truly yours, 

W. S. Godbe, 
Manager Chicago S. M. Co. {Limited). 

[From the Utah Mining Journal, Salt Lake, Sept. 23, 1872 ] 
The Vallejo Tunnel Company's Tramway, in Little Cottonwood, built on 
the Hallidie's Patented Plan, is a complete success. It is between 
2,300 and 2,400 feet in length, and is supported by thirteen stations. The 
fall in this distance is about 600 feet, and the wire rope, which is five-eighths 
of an inch in diameter, will safely and easily deliver 100 tons in six hours. 
The machinery is automatic, loading or unloading the sacks or buckets. 
The stations are about 200 feet apart, and the entire apparatus is strong 
and safe. As the wire rope is elevated about forty feet above the surface 
of the hill, the Tramway can be worked all winter long without the slight- 
est trouble. 

KERNVILLE, Kern County, Cal., May 6, 1878, 
Your Patent Wire Ropeway, which I recently erected at the Harley 
Mine, near this place, works entirely satisfactory, effecting a great saving 
in the cost of transporting ore from the mine to the mill, and in sending 
lumber and supplies to the mine. The cost of transporting the ore by 
pack-train was five dollars per ton — by your Ropeway it does not exceed 
fifty cents. The length is one mile and a half, the upper end having an 
elevation of over 3,000 feet above the lower end. It crosses a deep canon 
at a height of 300 feet from the surface of the ground, with a single span 
of 750 feet ; and altogether the ground is among the roughest in the Sierra 
Nevadas. Respectfully yours, 

A. Blatchly, M. E. 

Chemical Laboratory and General Mining Offices, > 
504 Washington Street. J 

San Francisco, May 15, 1878. 
In answer to your inquiry about the " Wire Ropeway " erected by my 
advice for the Blue Jacket Mining Company, Bull Run District, Elko 
County, Nev. , I have pleasure in stating that under the following con- 
ditions it works surpassingly well, and transports the ore by its own 
weight, without other power, for nearly a mile, over a rough, descending 
grade of eleven degrees from the mine to the mill, at a cost of about twenty 
cents per ton, thereby saving at least two dollars per ton, compared with 
horses. Yours respectfully, 

J. S. Phillips. 

Office of The Joab Lawrence Company, ( 

Chas. Read, Sec'y ; Joafc Lawrence, Pres. J 

Salt Lake City, Utah. December 1, 1883. 
I have been familiar with the working of the Hallidie Wire Rope- 
way, constructed eleven (11} years ago, on the then property of the Emma 
Hill Consolidated Mining Company, since it was built, and have had charge 
of the same the last seven (7) years. It has been in practically continuous 
use since 1872, and is now in operation almost every day, not only in the 
transportation of ore, but in carrying mining timbers, lumber, cordwood, 
coal — in fact, everything used in the mines. 

I can heartily recommend the Hallidie Wire Ropeway, because its 
action is simple, it is comparatively inexpensive, both in construction and 
operation, and is practically unlimited in capacity. 

Yours, etc., 

Chas. Read. 




Office of the Standard Consolidated Mining Company. 

San Francisco, December 6, 1883. 
In answer to your request, the Standard Consolidated Mining Company 
take great pleasure in certifying to the excellence of the Hai/ejdie Rope- 
way, which has been in almost continuous use by our company for the 
past seven years. 

During said period your Ropeway has worked to our entire satisfaction, 
and by it we have transported many thousand tons of ore, etc., from the 
mine to the mill. 

That we are pleased with it is evidenced by the fact that we continue to 
use it, and, aside from some slight and immaterial modifications, your 
Ropeway is as it was in 1876, when first erected. 

Truly yours, 

John H. Boyd, 
Pres. Standard Con. Mining Co. 

Keaua, Kauai, H. I. , June 28, 1883. 
In answer to your inquiry concerning the Haludie Ropeway erected 
by you, and now in use on this plantation, for transporting cane from 
place of growth to the crushing mill, I take great pleasure in replying as 
follows : The line is about one and one-half miles in length, over a very 
rough country. It was first put in operation in February, 18S2, and since 
which time it has been almost constantly in use, giving entire satisfaction 
and proving itself to be the cheapest means of transportation under like 
circumstances. The carrying capacity of the line is 240 tons in ten hours. 
The power required to move the line is taken from the cane engine shaft 
by employing the proper sized pulleys and belts. The line should be con- 
structed of good material, and, if properly erected, will do its work sat- 
isfactorily at all times. Yours very truly, 

Wm. Blaisdbu,, Manager. 

Keai,ia, Kauai, H. I., June 16, 1882. 
The Haxudie Ropeway erected by you several months ago, on this 
plantation, is a perfect success and gives entire satisfaction. When we are 
able to keep the line supplied with cane, it gives us 2,400 gallons of juice 
per hour. The line is one and one-quarter miles in length, over some very 
broken country. 

Power to run the Ropeway is taken from the cane engine by bolting on 
to the fly-wheel arms a 4-foot pulley, then with 40 feet of io*inch belting 
over a 60-inch pulley on counter-shaft. The pinion shaft is then put in 
motion by 10-inch belting over 30-inch pulley on counter and 40-inch pulley 
on pinion shaft, which moves the Ropeway 187 feet per minute. 

With forty pounds of steam, on closing the throttle, without the Rope- 
way, the engine will make thirty revolutions before stopping ; with the 
Ropeway attached, it will make twenty-six or twenty-seven revolutions- 
showing that but little power is required to run it. The line has a fall of 
135 feet in the whole distance. 

» Respectfully yours, 

John Sherman, 

Chief Engineer. 

Paauhau, H. I., January 13, 1882. 
I hereby certify that Mr. Haiaidib'S Patent Wire Ropeway, which 
you have put up on the Paauhau Plantation for the purpose of delivering 
sugar-cane to this mill, has given entire satisfaction. 

It does fully the work it was represented to do, and delivers easily the 
quantity of cane stipulated in the contract directly into the cane-carrier. 

Yours truly, A. OTTO, 

Manager Paauhau Mills, Hawaii. 



Plomosas, Sinaloa, Mex. 
Replying to yours concerning the Ropeway for transporting wood and 
charcoal, erected on this property some two and a half years since, would 
say as follows : The entire length of the same is about 9,000 feet, has three 
angles, supported by only ten structures in its entire length, with spans 
varying from 400 to 1,600 feet in length. The line is erected over some of 
the most rugged mountainous country in Mexico, and cost, complete and 
in running order, about $19,000. 
Extract letter of April 15, 1886 : 

The cost of wood this year was $35,000, against $52,000 year before, with- 
out cable. The cost of $35,000 includes all repairs, etc., since erection. 
We are ahead of the mill 10,000 yards of wood, and, besides, we have 
brought down all the charcoal that has been burned in the past year and a 
half. The wood this year will cost 30 per cent, less than last year. 

B. McIntyre. 
Extract letter of April 6, 1886 : 

As we have stated to you on former occasions, our " Ropeway " still con- 
tinues to do its work well, and gives every satisfaction. I am informed 
that the transportation of the ore, including filling the buckets and repairs 
to Ropeway, has only cost ten cents per ton since erected, three years ago. 

E. W. Thompson, 
For Anglo-Mexican Mining- and Land Co., 

Tapacoya, Sinaloa, Mex. 

Pittsburg Consolidated Gold Mines, Limited. 

Pittsburgh, Nev., December 26, 1891. 
Our Ropeway erected by you some years ago has done and is doing good 
service. W. A. MERCER, Manager. 

From San Juan Mining Co., Bahia Angeles, Lower California. 

Butte, Mont., May 6, 1S93. 
Mr. A. S. Hallidie, Pres., San Francisco: 

Dear Sir ; — As per enclosed receipt, I forward you to-day a photo of part 
of our tramway line in the " San Juan." 

This photo is interesting from the fact that it plainly shows the wire 
cable from the Lower Terminal up the mountain side to station 18, a dis- 
tance of nearly two miles. Total length of line is two miles, 1,800 feet. 
From the last report of Superintendent at the mine, the tramway is doing 
splendidly . Fifty-two tons in 9^3 hours is, I think, the best work we have 
done so far, which is quite satisfactory, as you may well believe. 

With best wishes for the continued success of the Tram and its in- 
ventor, I am, yours very truly, 

(Signed) F. F. Cranz. 

Office of the Jackson and Labeview Mining Company. 

Lundy, Cal., April 16, 1894. 

Gentlemen: — The Hallidie Wire Ropewuy, erected for this company in 
November, 1891, under the supervision of your engineer, Mr. E. I. Parsons, 
has been in practically 'continuous use since that time, and has been a suc- 
cess from the start. 

The line is over 2,400 feet in length ; fitted with grip pulley and brake at 
either end, supported on fifteen intermediate stations ranging from ten to 
thirty-four feet in height, and running over a rugged country with a fall 
of practically one in two. 

We have delivered at the mill using the Ropeway but few hours in the day, 
over 12,000 tons of ore, and shipping up to the mine hundreds of thousands 
of feet of lumber and timber, besides all other mining supplies ; and all at 
a very low rate of cost; we ship lumber and timber of any length up to 
eighteen feet with ease and safety. 

The line has been well "kept up," and is now in good working order, at 
a cost for new parts, repairs, etc., since November, 1S91, of less than five 
hundred dollars ($500). Yours truly, 

(Signed) R. T. Pierce, Superintendent. 



/ \ 

, T r , >, 7 1 \. - -t- j=j 
a "J. »K V vv < o_-\i<". -it 


Extract from letter from R. G. Hart, owner Tex. Con. Mines & Mill, 
Hart, Shasta Co. Cal. : 

January 30, 1894. 

I have a Hallidie Transmission Ropeway, one mile long, to transport ore 
from mine to mill on Sacramento River. It cost me complete about six 
thousand dollars ($6,000), and we transport fifty tons quartz in ten hours ; 
rope }i inch diameter steel wire. Could transport much more by putting 
on more buckets. 

I have used it continuously for three years, and am using it now every 
day, and can recommend it to any one wanting cheap transportation. It 
cost me fi.oo per ton to haul with teams. Now it costs iajf cents per 
ton, counting wear and tear for three years to January 1, 1894. 

I have no doubt about the Hallidie Ropeway transporting blocks or cord- 
wood at a nominal cost. The roughness of country cuts a small figure. 

Very truly yours, 
(Signed) R. G. Hart, Sr. 

Office of the wilmans Mining Co. 

Seattle, Wash., March 31, 1894. 
Gentlemen: — The Hallidie Patent Wire Rope Tramway furnished by you 
for use at our mines at Monte Cristo has, in every respect, proved entirely 
satisfactory to us. Our tramway is, I believe, on one of the steepest grades 
of any line in the United States, and, though we have not yet tested it to 
its capacity, it has done sufficient work to warrant us in recommending it. 

Yours truly, 
(Signed) F. W. Wilmans, President and Manager. 

[Extract of letter.J 
Miramir, Costa Rica, C. A., March 6, 1898. 
Mr. S.f.Wilkins. representing the Calif ornia Wire Works of San Francisco : 
I am very much pleased at the way the " tram " is working, and see no 
reason why it should give us the slightest trouble, and cannot but congrat- 
ulate you on the excellent job you have done for us, which was the harder 
from being in a foreign land where your help, almost entirely, spoke in a 
foreign language. " Yours truly, 

W. R. CrandaM,, 
Manager Bella Vista Mining S-= Milling Co. 



Partail Iiist of (Dining tf Other Companies 



Morning Star, Freiberg, Nevada 1,250 feet 

Emma Hill Consolidated, Little Cottonwood 2,400 " 

Vallejo Tunnel, Little Cottonwood 2,350 " 

Chicago Mine, Ophir District, Nevada 7,100 " 

Harley Mine, Kernville, California 7,290 " 

Blue Jacket Mining Company, Elko County, Nevada 5,000 " 

Standard Mining Company, Bodie, California 2,700 " 

Mineral King Mine, Tulare County, California 5, 310 " 

Rainbow Mine, Sierra County, California 1,710 " 

Wertherman's Mine, Durango, Mexico 5,oco " 

Surprise Valley Mill and Mining Company, Inyo County, Cali- 
fornia 3,500 " 

Kealia Sugar Plantation, Kauai, Hawaiian Islands, in sections. . 6,750 " 

General Custer Mine, Custer City, Idaho 4, 750 " 

Columbus Mine, Garfield. Colorado 4,750 " 

Mary Murphy Mine, St. Elmo, Colorado 5,250 " 

Game Ridge Mill, Rosita, California 3,200 " 

Iowa and Colorado Mine, Summitsville, Colorado 5,250 " 

Spring Mountain Mine, Camas, Idaho 3,000 " 

Hendrie & Bolthoff, Denver, Colorado 3,000 " 

South Pueblo Machinery Company, Pueblo, Colorado 5,900 " 

Paauhau Plantation, Hawaii, Hawaiian Islands 5,120 " 

Brown & Warner, Ames, Ouray County, Colorado 2,706 " 

Ramshorn Mining Company, Bay Horse, Idaho 3,45° " 

Braden, Smith & Co., Colorado 1,525 " 

Moline Tunnel Company, Colorado 2,000 " 

Anglo-Mexican M. and L. Company, Tapacoya, Sinaloa, Mexico 1,150 " 

Peha & Co., Plomosas, Sinaloa, Mexico 8,SS9 " 

Warriors Mark Mining Company, Colorado 1,928 " 

Bullion Smelting Company, Bullionville, Nevada 3,000 " 

Gold King Mining Co., Silverton, Colorado 

Boston and Montana Mining Company, Montana 

La Trinidad Mining Company, Sonora, Mexico. 7,920 " 

N. G. Arce, Guadalajara, Mexico. 3-746 " 

Young America Consolidated Mining Company, Sierra County, 

California 3,250 " 

Donaldson Mine, Idaho Springs, Colorado 3, 160 ' ' 

Champion Mine, Colorado 5,620 ,( 

New York and Honduras Rosario Mining Company, Honduras, 

C. A 6,000 " 

H. B. Clifford, Guanajuato, Mexico 5,280 " 

Rio Grande Mining Company, Kingston, New Mexico 3,000 " 

Badigaato Gold and Silver Mining Company, Mexico 3,000 " 

Phcenix Gold Mining Company, Sierra County, California 3,000 " 

Candelaria Cons. Mexican Mining Co., San Dimas, Durango, 

Mexico 7,030 ' ' 

La Compaiiia Minera de Panuco, Sinaloa, Mexico 14,000 " 

La Compania Minera de Cornish, Sinaloa, Mexico 700 " 

Pittsburg Consolidated Gold Mines, L'd, Pittsburg, Nevada. . . 6,536 " 

Queen of the West Mining Company, Kokomo, Colo i,47° (t 

Juneau Gold Mining Company, Juneau, Alaska 5,280 " 

H. P. Gregory & Co., Sydney, Australia 3,400 " 

The Star Mining and Reduction Company of Montana, Mt. Ray- 
mond, California 7,600 " 

Antonio Mercenario Ulna Progreao, [goala, Mexico. , <»67 feet 

Antonio Mercenario Ulna P r og rea o, near Egnala, M( 4t9 2 ° " 

Hope Mining Company, Mill City, Nevada. e,6oo " 

Tezai impany, Redding, California . .. 4.900 " 

Milwaukee Mining Company, Ouray, Colorado 

Copper King Mining Company, Clihon, Arizona 9,900 " 

Jackson and Lakeview Mining Company, Lundy, Cal. - A 

San Juan Mining Company, Bahia Angeles, Lower California [2*365 " 

White Cloud Copper Mining Company, Clemens, Nev, 3»79° 

WUmana Mining Company, MonteCristo, Wash. 4»5*5 " 
Compaflia Concentradura, La Dura, Sonora, Mexico 606 

n Cord Mining Company, Monte Cristo, Wash 3,000 

Dtica Mining Company. Angels, California 1,500 " 

Portola Ropeway, woodside, San Mateo Co., Cal. 7.250 " 

Amanita* Mining Company, Torres, Sonora. Mexico . 504 •* 

Creston Colorado Mining Co., Torres, Sonora. Mexico . S22 " 

Poorman Mining Company, Utah ... 5,500 " 

Reward Mining Company, Independence, Inyo Co., Cal 4,820 " 

Hall Mines. Limited. Nelson, British Columbia 23,797 " 

P. A. Newton. Guadalajara, Mexico 2,600 " 

Goleta, Monecito & Sterling Mining Company, Jordan, Cal 1,672 " 

Starlight Mining Company, El Dorado, Cal . , 1,250 " 

Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co., Brigham City, Utah " 

Mountain Copper Company, Keswick, Cal. 1,280 " 

Mammoth-Garfield Mining Company, Whitehouse, Cal.. 4.825 " 

Gold Queen Mining Company, Montecello Utah ... 3,212 " 

45 Consolidated Mining Company, Silverton, Wash 12,880 " 

Alaska Railway & Transportation Co., Chilcoot Pass, Alaska... . S.320 " 

Bella Vista Mining & Mineral Co. Miramonte, Costa Rica, C. A. 1,200 " 


1863 ** 


All persons are hereby cautioned against manufacturing, using, or vend- 
ing the devices, or aD3' of them, secured by any of the above-named 
Letters Patent, without a license for same ; and any unauthorized manu- 
facture, use, or sale of any of said inventions by any person, his agents, or 
employees, will by prosecuted to the full extent of the law. 

The owner of these patents has been informed that irresponsible persons 
have undertaken in some instances to build Endless Ropeways or Elevated 
Wire Tramways, which infringe upon his patents, without disclosing the 
fact that the devices contained in them are such infringements, thus lead- 
ing to the unlicensed use of said inventions by persons who are ignorant 
THAT THEY have BEEN SECURED by LETTERS Patent. Notice is, there- 
fore, given that no unlicensed use of the inventions secured by these 
patents will be permitted, and all who contemplate building or using such 
Ropeways or Tramways are hereby cautioned against such infringements. 

At any time parties interested may inspect these patents, thus easily satis- 
fying themselves that these inventions are secured by the patents above 
enumerated, and may at the same time learn the terms upon which they 
may be used. 

We will be pleased to furnish estimates, and can send competent 
engineers to locate or superintend the erection of these Ropeways, and 
guarantee satisfaction. 

For further information address the California Wire Works, 330 
Market Street, corner Battery, room 610, San Francisco, Cal. 

Secured under United States patents: Nos. 357,664, 422,892, 466,880, 

By answering the questions on last page > and giving its any further infor- 
mation you may possess, we will be able to make you an estimate of cost. 

Please fill in the following blanks, tear out of book and forward to our address. We can then give you an estimate of cost. 

Name of mine or property 


Post office address 

Name of corporation or owners 

Name of Manager or Superintendent 

Distance from and name of the nearest railway station or sea-port 

Length of proposed Ropeway 

Difference in level of ends 

Quantity and character of material to be delivered per hour 

Quantity and character of material (if any) to be returned per hour 

Character of country on the route of proposed Ropeway 

Number of canons and length of spans, exceeding 200 feet 

Does snow fall ? If so, depth 

Mode of transportation from railroad or port to Ropeway site 

Cost of transportation from railroad or port to Ropeway site 

Cost of timber and lumber at site 

Wages of mechanics per day Wages of laborers per day. 

Please add anv further information 

Dated at . 

In order to make estimate of cost, a survey of route should be made by a competent engineer. A straight tine should be maintained between ends, 
if possible. It is usually more economical to go over a hill than around it. 

Send us your engineer' s profile and topographical plan of survey, or we can send a competent and experienced engineer to survey and locate line.